Article 1110

Title of the article

                            SPARTA AFTER CLEOMENES: TWO VERSIONS OF EVENTS SCENARIO                                    


Sivkina Natalya Yuryevna, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of ancient world and middle ages history, Nizhny Novgorod State University named after N. I. Lobachevsky, 

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After defeat in Cleomenic war Sparta was a part of Hellenic League. But in 220 B.C. in Sparta there was a revolution which has led to sharp change in foreign policy of the state and to internal troubles. Policy of Likurg and Nabis was antimacedonian and antiacheian. However new allies – Aetolia and Rome – did not reckon with interests of Sparta and have not rendered to it neither military, nor the economic help. Possibly, Sparta could avoid heavy losses and social problems if remained in the union with Macedonia. Greek-macedonian cooperation assumed only one basic condition: refusal of Greeks to struggle for hegemony in Greece. Spartans did not wish to reconcile to it after Cleomenic war, but in the union with Rome have been compelled to refuse claims for hegemony in Peloponnese. 

Key words

Hellenistic Sparta, Hellenic League, Phillip V of Macedon, Cleomenes III, Aratus of Sicyon, Cleomenic war, Nabis, social reforms, Social war, the Common Peace. 

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Дата создания: 27.10.2014 15:16
Дата обновления: 29.10.2014 10:53